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Tractional Retinal Detachment Symptoms Type Causes & Treatment

Updated: Jun 13, 2023


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What is Tractional Retinal Detachment?


Tractional retinal detachment (TRD) is a condition characterised by the separation of the retina from its supporting layers due to fibrous scar tissue formation on its surface, exerting tractional forces that pull away from its normal location and detach it.


The retina is a light-sensitive layer of tissue located at the back of your eye. It converts incoming light into electrical signals sent directly to your brain and allows us to perceive visual images. For optimal functioning, however, the retina must remain securely attached to other layers within your eye's anatomy, particularly its retinal pigment epithelium and choroid layers.


When it comes to Tractional Retinal Detachment, Sanjeevan Netralaya's Advanced Ayurvedic Eye Care takes the forefront, offering cutting-edge treatments that yield remarkable results. Each patient benefits from individualised treatment plans, carefully crafted to suit their unique requirements, guaranteeing a safe and side-effect-free experience.



What are the symptoms of Tractional Retinal Detachment?


Tractional Retinal Detachment symptoms vary from person to person, but typically include changes in vision. Other common signs and symptoms may include:


· Floaters: Floaters are small spots or cobweb-like shapes that float in your field of vision, sometimes moving with you when you move your eyes and becoming particularly noticeable against bright backgrounds or in well-lit environments.


· Flashes of Light: From time to time, you may experience flashes of light - short bursts of bright illumination that occur either spontaneously or when moving your eyes - in your peripheral vision. These flashes could happen anywhere and at any time.


· Blurry or Distorted Vision: Tractional retinal detachment can result in decreased visual clarity. Your eyes may become foggy or blurry, making it more difficult to focus on objects clearly. Furthermore, straight lines may appear wavy or bent as a result.


· Shadow or Curtain Effect: As detachment progresses, you may begin to experience a shadow- or curtain-like effect in your field of vision. This usually begins in peripheral (side) vision and gradually advances toward center vision, impairing overall vision loss. The location and extent of vision loss may differ depending on where detachments have taken place.


· Reduced Peripheral Vision: Tractional retinal detachment may result in tunnel vision, in which you have difficulty seeing things on the sides of your visual field. You may find yourself struggling to see objects or people outside of your visual field.


Note that these symptoms could also be related to other eye conditions; therefore, it is crucial that a consultation with an ophthalmologist or retina specialist like Sanjeevan Netraleya be sought in order to obtain an accurate diagnosis. If sudden or drastic vision changes arise, seeking immediate medical help should be sought as early diagnosis and treatment can increase chances of successful management of tractional retinal detachment.


Sanjeevan Netralaya’s Advanced Ayurvedic Eye Care is one of the leading and most effective treatments for Tractional Retinal Detachment. Each Patient is treated differently with unique tailor made treatments that work without causing any side effects.



What are the causes of Tractional Retinal Detachment?


Tractional retinal detachment occurs when abnormal tissue growth exerts tractional forces on the retina, pulling it out of its original position and away from its usual resting spot. Common causes for this form of retinal detachment include:


· Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy: This condition of diabetes occurs when elevated blood sugar levels damage blood vessels in the retina. As a response, new vessels attempt to be formed despite being weak and vulnerable to bleeding; scar tissue forms as a result, leading to detachment.


· Retinal Vein Occlusion: Blockages or clots in retinal veins can obstruct bloodflow, leading to abnormal blood vessels forming. Scar tissue can form around these vessels and pull at the retina causing detachment.


· Retinal Tears or Holes: Due to trauma, aging or other factors, retinal tears and holes may develop due to trauma, age or other causes. Scar tissue may form around these defects exerting tension on them and detaching parts of the retina from its attachment points.


· Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy (PVR): Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy is a condition characterized by the rapid expansion of scar tissue on the retina and other structures within the eye, typically as a result of retinal detachment surgery, trauma, inflammation or other eye diseases. If left untreated this scarring can contract and lead to tractional retinal detachments.


· Tractional Macular Holes: Macular holes are defects that develop in the central portion of retina known as macula, caused by abnormal tissue growth or vitreous traction forces that contribute to macular detachment and subsequent formation of macular holes. In these instances, tractional forces from abnormal growth or vitreous traction may contribute to their formation and subsequent detachment.


Note that these causes may overlap and that different individuals may have multiple contributors. Other eye conditions and diseases, including advanced retinopathy of prematurity, proliferative sickle cell retinopathy or certain genetic disorders can also lead to tractional retinal detachment.


Prompt diagnosis and treatment by an ophthalmologist or retina specialist like Sanjeevan Netralaya are crucial in order to protect vision from further damage, and prevent further vision loss. Treatment often includes surgical intervention to remove scar tissue, repair any retinal defects, reattach the retina and reattach scarred retina.


Sanjeevan Netralaya's Advanced Ayurvedic Eye Care stands out as a leading and highly effective solution for Tractional Retinal Detachment. With a personalized approach, every patient receives tailored treatments that are designed to address their specific needs, ensuring optimal results without any adverse side effects.





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