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Cystoid Macular Edema Symptoms Type Causes & Treatment

Updated: Sep 8, 2023

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What is Cystoid Macular Edema?

Cystoid macular edema (CME) is a condition characterized by fluid accumulation in the macula, the central part of retina responsible for sharp and clear central vision. The macula sits behind each eye and plays a vital role in activities like reading, driving and recognising faces.

CME occurs when small cyst-like spaces form within the retina's layers, leading to swelling and distortion of the macula and blurred or distorted central vision that makes it hard for individuals to perceive fine details or complete tasks that require sharp vision.

The Advanced Ayurvedic Eye Care offered by Sanjeevan Netralaya is one of the most effective treatments for Cycstoid Maular Edema. With over 6 lakh retinal cases successfully treated, Sanjeevan Netralaya's highly experienced doctors cater to each patient with the utmost care while prescribing them unique treatments that suit their body without causing any harmful side efects.

What are the causes of Cystoid Macular Edema?

Cystoid Macular Mdema (CME) can have many causes. Here are a few factors that may lead to its development:

  • Eye Diseases and Conditions: CME may be linked with several eye conditions and diseases, including:

  • Diabetic Retinopathy: CME may develop as a complication of long-standing diabetes, with elevated blood sugar levels leading to damage of retinal blood vessels leading to fluid leakage and macular edema.

  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD): AMD can result in CME when abnormal blood vessel growth or leakage leads to CME.

  • Uveitis: Uveitis refers to inflammation of the uvea, or middle layer of the eye. Inflammatory processes may contribute to CME by disrupting blood-retinal barriers and encouraging fluid accumulation within maculae.

  • Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO): When retinal veins become blocked or occluded, increased pressure in their blood vessels increases, leading to leakage of fluid that leads to macular edema.

  • Eye Surgery: Certain eye surgeries may increase the risk of CME as a complication, including cataract and retinal detachment repair procedures, which have the potential to trigger CME symptoms; although this complication is rare.

  • Medication: Certain medications, particularly corticosteroids, may increase the risk of CME. Corticosteroids disrupt fluid regulation in the eye, leading to fluid accumulation and macular edema. Systemic administration as well as local administration via eye drops, injections or implants could all increase this risk of CME.

  • Inflammatory conditions: Diseases or conditions like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or sarcoidosis can lead to inflammation in various parts of the body, including in the retina. Such inflammation disrupts normal fluid dynamics and contributes to CME.

  • Other Factors: In some instances, the exact cause of CME may not be readily apparent or may involve multiple contributors; factors like eye trauma, hereditary conditions and certain systemic diseases could all play a part.

Note that the cause of CME can differ between individuals. A comprehensive evaluation by an eye care provider or ophthalmologist is necessary in order to ascertain and treat CME effectively.

Sanjeevan Netralaya's Advanced Ayurvedic Eye Care is renowned for its effective treatment of Cystoid Macular Edema. Our highly experienced physicians have successfully treated over 600,000 retinal cases at Sanjeevan Netralaya. Sanjeevan Netralaya provides personalized attention tailored to each individual patient, offering tailored approaches and treatment approaches tailored specifically for them - without causing harmful side effects!

What are the symptoms of Cystoid Macular Edema?

CME (cystoid macular edema) symptoms vary depending on its severity and your own specific circumstances, yet below are some commonly experienced side effects:

  • Blurred or Distorted Central Vision: CME often results in decreased clarity and sharpness of central vision, making objects appear blurrier, fine details harder to see, making reading, recognizing faces or seeing small objects difficult. This may make reading challenging as well.

  • Wavy or Distorted Vision: Straight lines may appear bent or wavy and objects distorted or stretched; this condition is known as metamorphopsia and often associated with macular edema.

  • Reduced Color Perception: CME can have a detrimental effect on color perception, rendering colors appear dull or washed out. Individuals may have difficulty differentiating between similar hues.

  • Reduced contrast sensitivity: Contrast sensitivity refers to our ability to distinguish objects of differing brightness levels. CME may reduce this ability, making it harder for us to perceive subtle variations in shading or contrast.

  • Central Scotoma: When severe cases of CME arise, a central scotoma or blind spot can form in the central visual field - meaning there is reduced or no vision at all in that region directly in the center of it all.

CME usually only affects central vision; peripheral (side) vision usually remains relatively unaffected. Therefore, individuals living with CME may still enjoy good peripheral vision but experience significant difficulty performing tasks requiring sharp central vision.

If you suspect CME or are experiencing changes in your vision, it is crucial that you visit an ophthalmologist or eye care professional immediately for an in-depth eye exam and accurate diagnosis. They can evaluate symptoms, perform specific tests such as optical coherence tomography (OCT), as well as recommend suitable treatments options.

Sanjeevan Netralaya's Advanced Ayurvedic Eye Care stands out as an effective means of treating Cystoid Macular Edema. Their skilled doctors have treated over 600,000 retinal cases; prioritizing personalized care so each individual receives tailored treatments suitable to their body without adverse side effects or negative impacts.

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