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Glaucoma Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Updated: Jun 13, 2023

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1. What are the symptoms of Glaucoma?


Glaucoma is an eye condition that damages the optic nerve, potentially leading to vision loss or blindness. In its early stages, there may not be any symptoms present and the disease progresses slowly over time. However, as symptoms appear more frequently as time goes on, such as:


Loss of peripheral vision: This is often the first indication of glaucoma. Patients may notice their peripheral vision becoming increasingly blurry or dark, with difficulty distinguishing objects to one side of their field of vision.


Tunnel Vision: Patients in advanced stages of glaucoma may experience tunnel vision, in which their field of vision narrows to a small central area.


Halos around lights: Patients may observe halos or colored rings around lights, especially at night.


Blurred Vision: Patients may experience blurry vision or have difficulty focusing on objects.


Eye Pain or Discomfort: Some individuals with glaucoma may experience eye pain, redness, or a sensation of pressure in the eye.


It is essential to be aware that these symptoms could also be indicative of other eye conditions, so visiting an eye doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment is recommended. Furthermore, regular eye exams are beneficial as they help detect glaucoma before any visible symptoms appear.


Sanjeevan Netralaya Ayurvedic treatment works on strengthening the damaged optic nerve in order to restore vision and prevent future degeneration as well as manage pain effectively and without any painful side effects.



2. What is Mild Glaucoma?


Mild glaucoma refers to the early stages of the disease, when optic nerve damage and vision loss are still relatively mild. Typically, people with mild glaucoma do not experience any symptoms and their condition is only detected through routine eye exams.


Mild glaucoma is typically diagnosed by measuring the intraocular pressure (IOP) in the eye and inspecting the optic nerve. Elevated IOP increases a person's chances of developing glaucoma, as it damages nerve fiber layers over time. An ophthalmologist can easily spot optic nerve damage during an eye exam by looking at changes to its appearance and fiber layer composition.


Treatment for mild glaucoma typically involves reducing the intraocular pressure (IOP) to prevent further damage to the optic nerve. This may be achieved through eye drops, laser therapy or surgery; however, the specific approach will depend on the severity of the disease, the patient's overall health and individual circumstances.


Early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma, even mild cases, are essential to prevent further vision loss and enhance the patient's quality of life.


Glaucoma should never go undetected and untreated, as it can result in permanent vision loss, even blindness. Unfortunately, the damage done to your optic nerve by glaucoma is irreversible - any vision loss experienced will never be restored.


At the start of glaucoma, patients may not experience any symptoms at all, making it difficult to detect without regular eye exams. As time goes on, however, patients may start noticing a gradual loss of peripheral vision or tunnel vision - if left untreated this could eventually lead to complete blindness in that eye.


It is essential to remember that glaucoma is a progressive condition, meaning the longer it goes undiagnosed and untreated, the worse the damage to your optic nerve could become. That's why regular eye exams are so important - especially for people at higher risk such as those with a family history of the disorder, those over 60 years old, and people with certain medical conditions like diabetes.


If you think you may have glaucoma or are at higher risk for the condition, it is essential to visit an eye doctor for an exam and accurate diagnosis. Early detection and treatment of glaucoma can help mitigate further vision loss and preserve your sight.


Undiagnosed glaucoma can have several serious repercussions, such as:


· Vision Loss: Glaucoma damages the optic nerve, leading to progressive vision loss over

time. If not addressed, this may eventually result in complete blindness in the affected eye.


· Reduced Quality of Life: Vision loss can significantly impact a person's ability to perform everyday tasks such as driving, reading, or even walking safely.


· Emotional Distress: Vision loss can cause emotional distress, such as feelings of loneliness, depression and anxiety.


· Increased Risk of Falls and Accidents: As vision loss worsens, the likelihood of falls and accidents increases, increasing the potential for further injury or disability.


· Damage to the optic nerve: Glaucoma can cause irreversible damage to the optic nerve, making it difficult to treat and prevent further vision loss.


It is essential to recognize and treat glaucoma early, as early detection and treatment can help avoid its severe complications and protect your sight. Regular eye exams are especially essential for people at higher risk for the condition, such as those with a family history of the disorder, those over 60, and those with certain medical conditions like diabetes. If you think you might have glaucoma or are at higher risk for it, make an appointment with an eye doctor for an examination and proper diagnosis.


Sanjeevan Netralaya's Advanced Ayurvedic Eye Care has successfully treated more than 6 lakh patients in India without causing side effects and discomfort. If you are experiencing symptoms of Glaucoma please begin your treatment immediately. Book your appointment at your closest Sanjeevan Netralaya clinic today.



4. What are the characteristic of Glaucoma?


Glaucoma is an eye disorder characterized by damage to the optic nerve and vision loss. There are several key characteristics that define glaucoma:


· Elevated Intraocular Pressure (IOP): Elevated IOP is one of the key risks factors for glaucoma, as it can damage the optic nerve over time. IOP can be measured during an eye exam.


· Optic Nerve Damage: Glaucoma causes damage to the optic nerve, which can be detected during an eye exam. Signs of this damage include changes in the appearance of the optic nerve head and thinning in its fiber layer.


· Visual Field Loss: Glaucoma often causes peripheral vision loss, which may progress to tunnel vision and eventually complete blindness if left untreated. Visual field testing can detect these changes early on.


· Glaucoma tends to occur more commonly in older adults, particularly those over 60.


· Family History: People with a family history of glaucoma have an increased likelihood of developing the disorder.


· Race: Certain racial and ethnic groups, such as African Americans and Hispanics, have an increased likelihood of developing glaucoma.


· Medical Conditions: Medical conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease may increase the likelihood of developing glaucoma.


It is essential to note that not all individuals with glaucoma have elevated IOP, and some with normal IOP can still develop the disease. Therefore, regular eye exams with measurement of IOP are crucial for early detection and treatment of glaucoma.


Sanjeevan Netralaya has treated thousands of patients with Glaucoma effectively with Advanced Ayurvedic Treatment that causes absolutely no side effects.



5. What is Glaucoma & its causes?


Glaucoma is an eye disease that can damage the optic nerve and lead to vision loss or blindness if not addressed. While the exact cause of glaucoma remains unknown, researchers believe it to be caused by both genetic and environmental factors working in combination.


One of the key risks factors for glaucoma is an elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). The eye produces aqueous humor, or clear fluid called aqueous humor, which nourishes and supports vision. In healthy eyes, this fluid drains out through a drainage system which regulates IOP. But in people with glaucoma, this drainage becomes blocked or less efficient and causes fluid buildup and higher IOP. Over time, this increased pressure may damage optic nerve fibers leading to vision loss.


Other risk factors for glaucoma include:


· Age: Glaucoma tends to occur more commonly in older adults, particularly those over 60.


· Family History: People with a family history of glaucoma have an increased likelihood of developing the condition.


· Race: Certain racial and ethnic groups, such as African Americans and Hispanics, have an increased likelihood of developing glaucoma.


· Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease, can increase the likelihood of developing glaucoma.


· Glaucoma can be divided into three categories: open-angle glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma and normal tension glaucoma. Each type has its own causes and risks associated with it.


· Early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma are essential to prevent further vision loss and maintain the patient's quality of life. Treatment usually entails lowering IOP through eye drops, laser therapy or surgery depending on the severity of the disease and individual circumstances.


Sanjeevan Netralaya's Advanced Ayurvedic Eye Care has successfully treated more than 6 lakh patients in India without causing side effects and discomfort. If you are experiencing symptoms of Glaucoma please begin your treatment immediately. Book your appointment at your closest Sanjeevan Netralaya clinic today.



6. Is glaucoma nearsighted or farsighted?


Glaucoma is neither nearsighted nor farsighted; it occurs as an effect of refractive errors that alter how light focuses in on the eye. On the other hand, glaucoma is an illness that can damage your optic nerve and result in vision loss or blindness if left untreated.


Nearsightedness and farsightedness can be corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses that focus light onto the retina, but glaucoma requires lowering of intraocular pressure (IOP) within the eye through use of eye drops, laser therapy or surgery.


It's essential to note that having nearsightedness or farsightedness does not automatically increase the risk of developing glaucoma. Nonetheless, those with these refractive errors may need more frequent eye exams in order to monitor their eye health and detect any early signs of glaucoma.


Sanjeevan Netralaya's Advanced Ayurvedic Eye Care has successfully treated more than 6 lakh patients in India without causing side effects and discomfort. If you are experiencing symptoms of Glaucoma please begin your treatment immediately. Book your appointment at your closest Sanjeevan Netralaya clinic today.



7. What happens when you don’t treat Glaucoma?


Glaucoma can cause irreversible damage to the optic nerve and lead to permanent vision loss or blindness if left untreated. At first, there may not be any noticeable symptoms or vision changes; thus it's often referred to as the "silent thief of sight."


Glaucoma can lead to:


· Loss of peripheral vision: Glaucoma typically causes a loss of peripheral vision that may not be noticed at first. With time, however, this vision loss may progress to tunnel vision and ultimately complete blindness.


· Halos around Lights: People with glaucoma may experience halos or blurry vision around lights, particularly at night.


· Eye Pain: Glaucoma may cause eye pain or headaches in some rare cases, especially if the intraocular pressure is very high.


· Nausea and vomiting: Glaucoma can, in rare cases, cause nausea and vomiting if the intraocular pressure is very high.


It is essential to remember that while there is no cure for glaucoma, early detection and treatment can help slow or stop its progression and preserve vision. Treatment usually involves using eye drops, laser therapy or surgery depending on the severity of the disease and individual circumstances. Therefore, regular eye exams are especially important for people at higher risk of developing glaucoma in order to detect it early and avoid permanent vision loss.



8. How can I treat glaucoma at home ?


Although lifestyle changes can help reduce the risk of developing glaucoma or manage it alongside medical treatment, these should only be done after consulting with a healthcare professional. These changes may include:


Regular Exercise: Exercising can help lower intraocular pressure and decrease the likelihood of developing glaucoma. But before beginning any new exercise program, make sure to consult with a doctor first.


A Healthy Diet: Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, while low in saturated and trans fats, may reduce the risk of developing glaucoma. However, there is no proof to back this up; no specific diet has been proven to cure or treat glaucoma.


Stress Reduction: Stress can raise intraocular pressure, so trying to reduce it through relaxation techniques like meditation or yoga could be beneficial in managing glaucoma.


Quitting smoking: Smoking increases the likelihood of developing glaucoma, so quitting may be beneficial in decreasing this risk.


It is essential to remember that while lifestyle changes may help manage glaucoma along with medical treatment, they cannot replace proper medical attention from an experienced eye doctor. If you suspect you may have the disease or have already been diagnosed, seek medical help and adhere to your doctor's recommended treatment plan.



9. Will a standard eye exam catch glaucoma?


A standard eye exam can detect signs of glaucoma, though it may not always catch the disease in its early stages. A standard exam typically includes a visual acuity test to measure your ability to see distantly and up close, along with a dilated eye exam which allows the eye doctor to inspect both retina and optic nerve for signs of damage.


Glaucoma is often referred to as the "silent thief of sight," because it causes irreversible vision loss without any symptoms until it has already reached an advanced stage. Therefore, a comprehensive eye exam that includes additional tests designed specifically to detect glaucoma is recommended, particularly for people at higher risk for developing it such as those with a family history of the condition, those over 40, and those with certain medical conditions like diabetes or high blood pressure.


Additional tests may include:


· Tonometry: This test measures the intraocular pressure (IOP) in the eye, an important risk factor for glaucoma.


· Ophthalmoscopy: This test allows an eye doctor to visually inspect the optic nerve for any signs of damage or impairment.


· Perimetry: This test measures peripheral vision and can help detect early signs of vision loss caused by glaucoma.


· Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): This test utilizes light waves to produce detailed images of the optic nerve, which may help detect changes in nerve fibers indicative of glaucoma.



10. What are the main causes of Glaucoma and how can it be prevented naturally?


One of the key risks factors for glaucoma is an elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). The eye produces aqueous humor, or clear fluid called aqueous humor, which nourishes and supports vision. In healthy eyes, this fluid drains out through a drainage system which regulates IOP. But in people with glaucoma, this drainage becomes blocked or less efficient and causes fluid buildup and higher IOP. Over time, this increased pressure may damage optic nerve fibers leading to vision loss.


Other risk factors for glaucoma include:


· Age: Glaucoma tends to occur more commonly in older adults, particularly those over

60.


· Family History: People with a family history of glaucoma have an increased likelihood of

developing the condition.


· Race: Certain racial and ethnic groups, such as African Americans and Hispanics, have

an increased likelihood of developing glaucoma.


· Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure

and heart disease, can increase the likelihood of developing glaucoma.


· Glaucoma can be divided into three categories: open-angle glaucoma, angle-closure

glaucoma and normal tension glaucoma. Each type has its own causes and risks

associated with it.


· Early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma are essential to prevent further vision loss

and maintain the patient's quality of life. Treatment usually entails lowering IOP through

eye drops, laser therapy or surgery depending on the severity of the disease and

individual circumstances.



Although lifestyle changes can help reduce the risk of developing glaucoma or manage it alongside medical treatment, these should only be done after consulting with a healthcare professional. These changes may include:


Regular Exercise: Exercising can help lower intraocular pressure and decrease the likelihood of developing glaucoma. But before beginning any new exercise program, make sure to consult with a doctor first.


A Healthy Diet: Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, while low in saturated and trans fats, may reduce the risk of developing glaucoma. However, there is no proof to back this up; no specific diet has been proven to cure or treat glaucoma.


Stress Reduction: Stress can raise intraocular pressure, so trying to reduce it through relaxation techniques like meditation or yoga could be beneficial in managing glaucoma.


Quitting smoking: Smoking increases the likelihood of developing glaucoma, so quitting may be beneficial in decreasing this risk.


It is essential to remember that while lifestyle changes may help manage glaucoma along with medical treatment, they cannot replace proper medical attention from an experienced eye doctor. If you suspect you may have the disease or have already been diagnosed, seek medical help and adhere to your doctor's recommended treatment plan.



11. What is it like to have Glaucoma from a young age?


Diagnosing glaucoma at an early age can have profound effects on a person's quality of life and vision, both visually and functionally.


Glaucoma that develops in young people often has hereditary characteristics and tends to progress more quickly than adult-onset forms of the disease. This can cause vision loss that occurs more rapidly and at a younger age, making it more challenging for those affected by it to perform certain activities or live independently.


People with glaucoma who develop it at an early age may experience various symptoms and difficulties, such as:


Peripheral Vision Loss: Glaucoma often causes a loss of peripheral vision, making it difficult to navigate spaces or perform tasks that require awareness of one's environment.


Tunnel Vision: As the disease progresses, peripheral vision may progressively deteriorate until only a small "tunnel" of vision remains.


Difficulty Seeing in Low Light Environments: Glaucoma can also cause difficulty seeing in dimly-lit environments, such as movie theaters or restaurants.


Glaucoma Patients May Experience Increased Sensitivity to Glare: People living with glaucoma may also find they are more sensitive to glare from bright lights or direct sunlight.


Impaired Depth Perception: Loss of peripheral vision can impair one's depth perception, making it difficult to judge distances accurately.


Anxiety and Depression: Vision loss can be a difficult adjustment, particularly for those who experience it at an early age. This may lead to feelings of anxiety or depression as they adjust to their new reality and attempt to adjust to their altered vision.


Although having glaucoma at a young age can present its own set of challenges, there are treatments available that can slow or stop its progression and preserve vision. Regular eye exams and timely treatment help manage symptoms and minimize vision loss. Support from family, friends, and healthcare professionals also plays a significant role in managing emotional toll of the condition.



12. What are some natural remedies for Glaucoma?


While natural remedies may help manage symptoms or reduce the risk of developing glaucoma, it's essential to note that they cannot replace proper medical care from an experienced eye doctor. If you have been diagnosed with glaucoma or are at increased risk of developing it, seek medical advice and follow their recommended treatment plan closely.


Some natural remedies that may help manage glaucoma include:


Blueberry: Blueberry is an antioxidant-rich fruit that may improve blood flow to the eyes. Some studies have even suggested bilberry may reduce intraocular pressure for people with glaucoma; however, further investigation is necessary to confirm this conclusion.


Gingko Biloba: Gingko Biloba is an herbal supplement that may help improve blood flow to the eyes and lower intraocular pressure. However, like blueberry, more research needs to be done to confirm its efficacy in treating glaucoma.


Omega-3 Fatty Acids: O


mega-3 fatty acids, found in foods such as fatty fish and flaxseeds, may reduce the risk of developing glaucoma by improving blood flow to the eyes and decreasing inflammation.


Vitamin C: Vitamin C is an antioxidant that may protect the eyes from damage caused by free radicals. Foods high in this nutrient include oranges, strawberries and bell peppers.


Exercise: Regular physical activity can improve blood flow to your eyes and reduce intraocular pressure. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise each week - such as brisk walking or cycling - on most days of the year.


It's essential to remember that while natural remedies may help manage glaucoma symptoms, they should never replace proper medical attention. Always consult with your physician before beginning any new supplements or making major alterations to your diet or exercise routine.




13. Can Glaucoma be cured with Ayurveda?


After a lot of research in treatments, efficiency and success rates, Sanjeevan Netralaya Retina Care Center is rated to be the best Glaucoma clinic in India. Sanjeevan Netralaya’s Ayurvedic treatments works to improve the condition of the optic nerve by strengthening it. Strengthening the Optic Nerve leads to better vision further preventing the degeneration of the Optic Nerve as a result of Glaucoma. The treatment reduces pain in the eyes, blurriness, black spots as well as halos around lights. Sanjeevan Netralaya’s treatment is extremely effective when it comes to Glaucoma and prevents vision loss and blindness.






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