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High Myopia Symptoms Type Causes & Treatment

Updated: Jun 13, 2023


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What is High Myopia?


High myopia, also referred to as severe or pathological myopia, is an uncommonly high degree of nearsightedness (myopia). With high myopia, individuals typically exhibit an eyeball that protrudes too far behind the retina instead of directly on it causing light entering to focus in front of it instead of directly onto it and leading to blurred distance vision while near vision may remain clear.


High myopia is defined by refractive errors exceeding -6.00 diopters; however, its severity can differ among individuals, with some experiencing refractive errors of greater than -8.00 or even exceeding -10.00 diopters. It typically appears in children or adolescence and progresses gradually over time.


Regular eye examinations for those suffering from high myopia are essential in monitoring any changes to vision and early identification of potential complications. Sanjeevan Netralaya's Advanced Ayurvedic eye care has achieved impressive results in treating High Myopia. Through their patient-centric approach, personalized treatment plans are meticulously tailored to each individual's specific requirements and pain-free experiences are ensured without discomfort or side effects.



What are the symptoms of High Myopia?


High myopia (or severe myopia) is defined by an unusually high degree of nearsightedness. While its symptoms vary according to each individual, common manifestations include:


· Blurred Distance Vision: When objects in the distance appear blurry or out-of-focus, near vision may still remain clear.


· Difficulty with Distance Vision: People suffering from high myopia often struggle to see distant objects such as street signs, whiteboards and faces from far away.


· Squinting or Eye Strain: Individuals with high myopia often strain their eyes when trying to focus on distant objects clearly, leading them to squint or strain their vision in an attempt to improve their vision.


· Eye Fatigue: Prolonged visual tasks such as reading or using the computer may cause eye fatigue and discomfort for individuals with high myopia.


· Poor distance vision can cause headaches when engaging in activities that require visual focus, leading to frequent headaches as a result of straining eyes.


· Difficulties with Night Vision: High myopia may result in impaired night vision, making it challenging to see clearly in low-light conditions.


· Increased Sensitivity to Glare: People suffering from high myopia may be particularly sensitive to bright lights and glare, leading to discomfort and vision difficulties.


· Squinting or Holding Objects Close: Individuals with high myopia often unconsciously compensate for their blurred distance vision by unconsciously squinting or holding objects closer to their face in order to see them more clearly.


Considerations should be given to the fact that these symptoms could also indicate other eye issues; to receive an accurate diagnosis it is vital to visit an eye care professional for a comprehensive eye examination and diagnosis. Regular check-ups for individuals with high myopia are especially essential in monitoring their eye health and detecting potential complications like retinal detachment or macular degeneration which could result from having such condition.


Sanjeevan Netralaya’s Advanced Ayurvedic eye care stands as a highly effective treatment modality for High Myopia. At Sanjeevan Netralaya, each patient receives personalized attention, benefiting from meticulously crafted treatment plans that are uniquely tailored to address their specific needs. These specialized interventions prioritize patient comfort, offering a painless and comfortable experience, completely devoid of any associated discomfort or side effects.



What are the causes of High Myopia?


The exact causes of high myopia, also known as severe or pathological myopia, are not fully understood. However, several factors have been identified as potential contributors to its development. These causes include:


· Genetic Factors: There is a strong genetic component to myopia, including high myopia. Individuals with who have a family history are more likely to develop high myopia. Multiple genes are believed to play a role in determining the development and progression of myopia.


· Environmental Factors: Environmental factors, such as prolonged near work activities (such as reading, writing, or using electronic devices) and lack of outdoor activities, have been associated with an increased risk of myopia development, including high myopia. Insufficient exposure to natural light and spending excessive time on close-up tasks may contribute to the elongation of the eyeball.


· Structural Abnormalities of the Eye: In individuals with high myopia, the eyeball is often longer than normal, which leads to the focusing of light rays in front of the retina instead of directly on it. Structural abnormalities of the cornea or lens may also contribute to the development of high myopia.


· Imbalance in the Growth of Eye Components: The growth and development of the eye involve complex processes that require a delicate balance. In high myopia, there may be an imbalance in the growth of certain eye components, such as the sclera (the white outer layer of the eye), choroid (the vascular layer beneath the retina), and retina, leading to excessive elongation of the eyeball.


· Hormonal and Systemic Factors: Some studies suggest that hormonal and systemic factors, such as changes during puberty or hormonal imbalances, may influence the development of high myopia. However, further research is needed to establish a clear link.


It's important to note that while these factors are believed to contribute to the development of high myopia, the condition is likely influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. High myopia can also be influenced by individual variations and interactions between these factors. Further research is needed to fully understand the underlying causes of high myopia and its complex interplay with various factors.


Sanjeevan's Advanced Ayurvedic eye care is effective in treating High Myopia. Sanjeevan Netralaya treats each patient with a unique treatment plan. The specialised treatments are tailored to the individual and cause no pain, discomfort, or side effects. It is important to have your eyes examined regularly so book your appointment now!


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